Information of the Republic of Daghestan

Dagestan is a country of mysterious mountains. This enigmatic land has been famous for its hospitality, variety of customs, comforting beauty of picturesque mountain landscapes since ancient times.  For thousands of years Romans and Huns, Arabs and Khazars, Turks and Mongol Tatars fought for the right of possession of this unusual part of the world.

Today Dagestan is the most southern region of the Russian Federation. It is the largest republic of the North Caucasus in its sizes and population. Dagestan borders on Azerbaijan and Georgia, and its sea borders are Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Iran. 50 thousand of  Dagestan territory includes majestic Caucasian mountains, 530 kilometers of sunny sandy beaches of the Caspian Sea Coast, steppes and high mountainous glaciers and the unique subtropical liana forest in Russia. Huge resources of oil and gas are launched in Dagestan and in Southern Dagestan there is one of the largest deposits of copper.

The population of Dagestan is a unique ethnic community. There is no any other place in the world where more than one hundred nationalities and ethnic groups live on sush a small territory. The administrative and cultural center of the Republic of Dagestan is Makhachkala, its capital with the population of more than 800 thousand people.

The advantageous geopolitical position at Eurasian joint turns  Dagestan into strategically important transport center of Russia. Since ancient times the great trading ways connecting the East to the West have been running here. In the Middle Ages the legendary trade route – the Great Silk Way –  passed along Dagestan. Nowdays the most important railway, automobile, air, sea and pipeline routes of federal importance run across the territory of the republic.

The Makhachkala Trading (Commercial) Seaport – the only Russian nonfreezing port on the Caspian Sea – provides a direct exit of Russia across the Caspian Sea to the international trade ways and is one of the key objects of transport infrastructure in the Northern Caucasus.

The International Makhachkala airport is the center of passenger freight air transportation by the Russian and international air-lines.

The basis of economic capacity of the region comprises fuel-energy and transport complex, its agriculture and industry. Fuel industry is based on oil and gas production from the unique fields found on the territory of Dagestan. The oil extracted in Dagestan is remarkable for its high quality and is delivered to different regions of our country and abroad. The main role in electricity generation is played by hydroelectric power stations.

Dagestan is a powerful industrially developed region. The priority branches are the machinary construction, chemical industry and food production.

Mild climate, unique ecology, variety of soil resources are excellent conditions for growing the most various cultures  in the fields of Dagestan. One of traditional branches of economy of the republic  is winemaking. One third of gross production volume of grapes of Russia is the share of Dagestan. More than 90% of cognac production of the Russian Federation is produced in our republic. Noble Dagestan cognac is appreciated at the international exhibitions and fairs and is the basis of the Kremlin alcoholic fund.

One of the highly developed and major agricultural branches of the republic is sheep breeding. Dagestan is the leader in per capita sheep breeding in the Russian Federation.

The pre-Caspian Seaside position of Dagestan has favoured the development of natural basis for fishing industry. The Caspian Sea – the most important fishery basin of the country where there are large stocks of sturgeon and a perfect opportunity for sturgeon and trout farming.

Dagestan has attracted attention of many tourists and travelers because of its unique coasts.

The foothills and mountainous areas of Dagestan usually make on tourists breathtaking impressions by their majestic and fairy-like landscapes: snow-white glaciers, rocky ravines and canyons, bright multi-coloured alpine meadows, turquoise rivers, falls and crystal-clear lakes. There are four large lakes with balneotherapy and mud bath clinics on the territory of the republic.

But the main possession of Dagestan is its history, unique and original culture and art of its people. Modern civilization co-exists alone with the unique ancient monuments, stone fortresses, functioning mosques, minarets and towers here.

One of the most ancient cities of Russia – Derbent – is on the territory of Dagestan and contains history of about 5000 years. The well-known fortress – Citadel Narynkala, recognized by UNESCO a monument of world value, – is located in Derbent. In total in the Republic of Dagestan there are more than 6 thousand historical and cultural monuments of which 132 are monuments of federal importance and recognized as national property.

Dagestan – a sports republic. Physical culture and sport have always been and remain one of the main peculiarities of social and economic development of the republic. The results of XXXI summer Olympic Games in 2016 in Rio de Janeiro once again confirmed the fact that the Republic of Dagestan was and remains the forge of training of athletes of great skills. In total there are about 60 winners and prize-winners on the Olympic, Paralympic and Deaflympic sports in the republic.

The most medal sport for Dagestan is the free-style wrestling. Legendary Ali Aliyev’s victory in the World Cup in 1959 became a rush for mass development of free-style wrestling and other sports in Dagestan. Hundreds and thousands of boys began to play sports and dreamed of becoming champions.

Ali Aliyev was the five-time world champion, the nine-time champion of the USSR, the participant of three Olympic Games in Rome (1960), in Tokyo (1964) and in Mexico City (1968). There is a great brilliant galaxy of pupils, athletes, his followers whom Ali Aliyev taught to win, be strong-willed and to love Dagestan, bringing, multiplying its glory and honor as well he did himself. In the headquarters of the UWW in Lausanne (Switzerland) a monument is established in memory and in honor of merits of the Dagestan athlete.

In the city of Kaspiysk a monument is erected and the largest sports construction in the North Caucasus – the Sports Palace -is called after Ali Aliyev in his honor. It began functioning in 2011. The first who tested the arena were the participants of the World Cup on free-style wrestling. In 2015 the Russian free-style wrestling championship, one of the best for all the time of carrying out was held at the Sports Palace after Ali Aliyev.

Holding the European Wrestling Championship in 2018 in Dagestan will become for the citizens, guests of the republic and participants a bright, unforgettable event and will serve for further promoting of free-style wrestling in our country and abroad, for developping international relations.

Welcome to sunny hospitable Dagestan!